2019.6.7 금 15:07
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먹고, 보고, 즐길 수 있는 모든 것이 있다
2019년 06월 03일 (월) 12:47:25 공경희 전임기자 deupress@deu.ac.kr

# 도시농업의 매력

도시에 살면서도 농부가 될 수 있다. 심지어 농업이 도시를 만나면서 그 역할은 더욱 커진다.
도시에 들어온 농업은 단순히 먹을거리를 생산하는 것뿐만 아니라 환경개선 및 교육이나 공동체 회복 등 도시민 삶의 질을 높이는 산업으로 바뀌고 있다. 그 방식도 텃밭, 옥상정원, 베란다텃밭, 상자텃밭, 실내조경까지 다양해지면서 참여자가 200만명을 넘어서고 있다.

# 도시농업의 가치
도시에서 농사짓는 것을 도시농업이라 한다. 여기에는 단순한 노동이 아닌 먹고, 보고, 즐기는 생산적 여가활동으로 몸과 마음의 건강과 행복을 꾀하는 것까지 모두 포함한 것을 진짜 도시농업이라 칭한다.
급격한 도시화는 생활환경의 악화는 물론 도시민들의 정서적인 여유마저 빼앗아 갔다. 갈수록 치열해지는 경쟁과 빠른 변화에 지친 도시인들은 건강과 여유를 찾고 싶어한다. 또한 안전한 먹을거리에 대한 관심도 커지면서 이를 모두 충족시키는 도시농업이 더욱 확산되었다.
농사는 농작물을 지속적으로 돌보는 작업이므로 규칙적인 운동으로 항상 건강을 유지해 준다. 가족들과 함께 농사활동에 참여하면서 매일 먹는 농산물이 어떤 힘겨운 과정을 통해 생산되는지 알게 되고, 내 손으로 기른 상추를 요리해 먹으며 재미를 더해간다. 이런 일련의 과정을 떠나 단순히 집안에 식물을 두는 것만으로 생활공간의 공기청정기 역할도 해준다. 도시농업은 가지는 가치는 이뿐만이 아니다. 식물 근처에 있거나 식물을 돌보면 편안함을 느낀다거나, 인간이 자연을 체험하면 기력이 회복되며, 특히 식물의 녹색은 휴식과 안정감을 주는 심리적 효과가 있다는 것을 입증한 연구 결과가 연이어 나오고 있다.
공익적인 가치도 커서 관련 정책들도 쏟아지고 있다. 도심 옥상 공원 조성, 마을 개선 사업 등 환경 조성과 소외계층을 위한 복지도구 및 고령 사회의 노인들의 일자리 창출 등 실질적인 기여도 가능해 각 시와 구에서는 관련 지원을 늘리고 다양한 아이디어 공모전을 진행하고 있다. 도시의 텃밭이나 건물옥상의 농원, 자연학습장은 자체가 삭막한 도시 속 녹지구역이다. 나비들이 날아오고 풀꽃 씨앗들이 퍼지면서 도시의 녹색생태계를 건강하게 연결하는 거점 역할을 한다. 식물의 광합성과 호흡을 통해 산소를 배출해 도시를 맑게 해 준다. 특히 건물 옥상과 외벽에 심어진 식물들은 여름철 온도를 낮춰 건물의 냉난방비 경감 등 에너지 절감에도 크게 기여한다.

# 다양한 프로그램
도시농부가 되는 길은 어렵지 않다. 개별적으로 작은 텃밭을 일구는 것부터 이를 세분화, 다양화하기 위해 필요한 다양한 도움의 손길이 마련되어 있다. 전국의 크고 작은 도시에는 도시농업 관련 교육프로그램을 운영하고 있다.

부산에서도 안전한 먹거리, 품격 높은 농산물 생산·공급을 위해 부산시농업기술센터를 운영하고 있다. 여기에서는 전문농업인 육성, 첨단 기술농업, 생산 기반 환경개선, 기후변화 선제적 대응, 해외농업 기술전수, 도시 농업 확산에 힘을 쏟고 있다. 프로그램도 기초농업교육부터 도시농업 전문가과정까지 도시민의 기대 수준에 맞춰 마련해놓고 있다. 부산농업기술센터 홈페이지에만 들어가도 다양한 정보가 담겨있으며, 곤충산업 전문가를 육성하기 위한 아카데미, 화훼체험 등 다양한 체험수업도 신청 가능하다. 오는 11일까지 `금정산성 유가네누룩'에서 쌀 소비를 촉진하고, 천연식초에 대한 시민들의 관심을 유도하기 위한 천연발효 막걸리 식초 만들기 교육도 진행중이다.
부산의 경우 부산농업기술센터 외 기장군도시농업센터 등 도시 전문 인력 양성기관만 9곳이 있고 그 외에도 구·군 지원센터 등에서 다양한 교육과정을 통해 도시농업인들을 양성하고 있다.
# 관련 정보가 한자리에 `도시농업박람회'

지난 4월 18일부터 나흘간 부산시민공원에서는 `제15회 도시농업박람회'가 열렸다. `도시농업박람회'는 도시농업과 관련된 가장 큰 규모의 행사로 모든 형태의 도시농업을 체험하고 아이디어를 얻을 수 있다.
도시농업 개발 기술 설명회, 생활원예 경진대회, 기술이전 워크숍을 비롯 원데이 쿠킹 클래스, 우리 꽃 분화 실습 등 다양한 체험행사도 함께 진행되었다. 또한 행사장내 마련된 150여 개의 부스에서는 업체, 단체들이 참여해 먹거리, 분재 판매 및 정보를 나누는 자리를 마련했다.
채소 모종 심기 행사에 딸과 함께 참여한 유미향(부산진구·48) 씨는 "현재 옥상에서 텃밭을 가꾸는 등 도시농업에 관심이 많았는데 이곳에서 다양한 체험을 통해 더욱 흥미를 가지게 되었다"고 전했다.
도시농업홍보관에서는 OX퀴즈 등을 통해 친환경 유용미생물(EM)로 만들어진 배양액을 무료로 나누어 주기도 했다.
`부산도시농업전문가협회' 부스에서 만나 이정호 회장은 "한번 도시농업을 시작한 사람들은 반려동물처럼 반려식물이라 부를 정도로 여러 방면에서 높은 만족도를 타나낸다"며 "지난해 가을 경성대에 가서 농업 수업을 진행했는데 한 학기 동안 배추를 직접 키워본 대학생들이 아주 신기해했다"고 말했다.
이 회장은 "현재 부산에만 마흔여 개의 관련 동호회가 있어, 혼자 시작하기 어려운 대학생들은 동호회에 가입하면 시작하기 수월하다"며 젊은이들의 도시농업에 대한 관심과 시도를 권했다. 또한 조금만 관심을 가지면 누구나 도시농부가 될 수 있다고 전했다.

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